A sore throat is a dry, scratchy or painful feeling in the throat. It accounts over thirteen million visitors to physician’s offices every year. The majority of sore throats are triggered by infections, or by environment-related factors such as dry air. Sore throats are categorized into 3 types, based on the part of the throat they affect:
- Laryngitis is swelling & redness of the voice box
- Tonsillitis is swelling & redness of the tonsils, the soft tissue in the back of the mouth
- Pharyngitis affects the region right behind the mouth
What are the symptoms of sore throat?
A sore throat symptoms can vary depending upon what triggered it. A sore throat may feel:
What are the primary causes of sore throats?
Sore throat causes can cause from infections to injuries. Listed under are the most common reasons of sore throat:
Cold, flu and other viral infections: Viruses trigger nearly ninety percent of sore throats. The viruses that trigger sore throats are the common cold, the flu, measles, mononucleosis, chickenpox and mumps.
Allergies: When our immune system reacts to allergy triggers such as grass, pollen and pet dander, it releases chemicals that prompt symptoms such as water eyes, nasal congestion, sneezing and irritation in throat.
Dry air: Dry air is capable of sucking moisture from the throat and mouth, leaving them feeling dry & scratchy. The air is most probably dry during the winter season when the heater is at work.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD):
GERD is a health condition in which acid from the stomach backs up into the esophagus. The acid burns the esophagus & throat, prompting symptoms such as heartburn & acid reflux – the spewing of acid into your throat.
A tumour of the throat or voice box is a less common cause of a sore throat. When a sore throat is an indication of cancer, the symptom does not disappear after a few days.
Any injury, such as a hit or cut to the neck, can trigger pain in your throat. Getting a piece of food stuck in your throat can also irritate it. You may experience a sore throat after yelling, talking loudly, or singing for a long period of time.
When to see a throat specialist near me?
Sore throats that are caused by a viral infection generally get better on their own in two to 7 days. However, you want to see a throat specialist near me if you have serious symptoms such as severe sore throat, trouble swallowing, trouble breathing, stiff neck, etc.
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